Monthly Archives: September 2013

What is zero discharge solids control equipment?

Via 20-year grueling efforts from 1990s to 21st century, DaCuan has developed oil drilling solids control system and waste management equipment and has set up an integrated waste management solution system by combination of domestic and foreign treatment experience learnt on the site.

This solution would deal with disposal at the source by means of solids control equipment, dewatering purification equipment and waste management equipment.

The first part—solids control equipment, comprising shale shaker, vacuum degasser, desander, desilter, decanter centrifuge, is directly connected to mud pumps. The drilling mud drawn out from well would go through the four phases of solids control system. Afterwards, it would be used again and the disposal is minimized at the same time.

The next part after solids control is dewatering and water treatment, via which water may be effectively recycled. If they are applied in water-scarce area, large amount of water would be saved and waste disposal reduced.

Then, screw pump or screw conveyor may transport dewatered waste to Hi-G Dryer and Vertical Centrifuge, waiting to have solids and liquid separated again. Hi-G Dryer’s high spinning speed and effective treatment would produce very dry dregs, recover partial drilling fluids and recycle resources.

In the end, the dregs would be further treated by means of solidification, cutting injection, biodegradation, thermal desorption according to the actual situation on the site of drilling and the composition of dregs.

Drilling waste disposal would be reduced to almost zero after go through the system, effectively satisfying the demands for zero discharge and the state environmental protection regulations, solving the vexing problems in oil drilling, and truly fulfilling the wish of “green drilling” in oil industry.

Tangshan DaChuan Machinery Co.,Ltd.

Contact: Cathleen li

Mail:  dc@dcmudcleaningequipment.com

 

The development of drilling fluid and drilling fluid equipment

At the beginning of last century, drilling fluids concocted by chemical compounds were largely applied while drilling boreholes for improvement of its safety and efficiency. Drilling fluids have been especially useful in carrying out drill cuttings, providing hydrostatic pressure to prevent formation fluids from entering into the well bore, cleaning the bottom of wells, preventing oil and gas from flowing up the wells, keeping the drill bit cool and clean during drilling, etc, which has made it the “blood” of drilling equipment. However, just like every coin has two sides, it would turn into poisonous “blood” when it is discharged onto soil with cuttings since it may contain soluble inorganic salt, heavy metal, organic hydrocarbon (oil substances), etc, which could easily be made harmful via rain immersion and river brush to the surrounding soil, water source, farmland and air.

It is expected that our tentative efforts would make drilling waste management perfect, but the facts did not turn out so. Pollution resulted from oil drilling is still swallowing our healthy environment bit by bit and the problem is still vexing our nerves. Nevertheless, we cannot do without it because the drilling fluids have already been the “blood” in the industrial era.

The drilling fluid equipment is also Solids Control equipment . It is developed from simple Shale shaker to a series of Solids control equipment. Tangshan DaChuan Machinery Co.,Ltd. extend its production scope to a series of drilling fluid separation equipment, including Shale Shakers, Mud Cleaners, Hydraulic Core Desander, Hydraulic Cone Desilter, Vacuum Degasser, Decanting Centrifuge, Shear Pump, Mud Hopper, Mud Agitators, and the relevant explosion-proof Motors, Starters, Mud Tanks, etc. In addition, we also assembly a complete line of solid control equipments, drilling fluid cleaning system, drilling waste management system, dewater system according to the submitted request.

TangShan DaChuan Machinery Co.,Ltd.

Contact: Cathleen Li

mail : dc@dcmudcleaningequipment.com

DC solids control equipment introduction (2)

The two types of centrifugal separation devices are:

Decanting centrifuge , Hydrocyclones

Decanting centrifuge

A decanting centrifuge consists of a conical, horizontal steel bowl that rotates at high speed using a doublescrew-type conveyor. The conveyor rotates in the samedirection as the outer bowl but at a slightly slower speed. An important aspect of centrifuge operation is the dilution of the slurry being fed into theunit. The slurry dilution reduces the feed viscosity and maintains the separation efficiency of the machine. The higher the viscosity of the base mud, the more dilutions needed.The effluent(liquid output from the centrifuge) viscosity should be 35 to 37 seconds per quart for efficient separation. If the viscosity falls bellow 35 seconds per quart, too much water is being added. This will cause turbulence within the bowl and reduce efficiency. Manufacturers’ recommendations concerning mud-feed rates and bowl speed should be follow closely .

A single centrifuge unit set for total solids discharge should be used for low-density systems. The primary function of a centrifuge is not to control total percent solids in a system, but rather to maintain acceptable and desirable flow properties in that system. The centrifuges operating in series are recommended for the following systems:

1. i.e., synthetic and oil-base systems

2. High-density, water systems

3. Water-base systems in which base fluid is expensive

4. Closed loop

5. Zero- discharge

The first centrifuge unit is used to separate barite and return it to mud system. The second unit processes the liquid overflow from the first unit, discarding all solids and returning the liquid portion to the mud system. Note: Centrifuge efficiencies are influenced by mud weight and mud viscosity. During centrifuge, the underflow should be analyzed regularly to determine the amount of low-gravity solids and barite being removed and retained.

Hydrocyclones

Hydrocyclones, classified as desanders or desilters, are conical solids separation devices in which hydraulic energy is converted to centrifugal force. Mud is fed by a centrifugal pump through the feed inlet tangentially into the feed chamber. The centrifugal forces thus developed multiply the settling velocity of the heavier-phase material, forcing it toward the wall of the cone. The lighter particles move inward and upward in a spiral ingvortex to the overlow opening at the top. The dischargeat the top is the overflow or effluent; the discharge at the bottom is the underflow. The underflow should be in a fine spray with a slight suction at its center. A ropedischarge with no air suction is undesirable.

The size of the cones and pump pressure determine the cut obtained,Lower pressure result in coarser separation and reduced capacity.

Desanders

Desanders consist of a battery of 6-inch or larger cones.Even though desanders can process large volumes of mud per single cone, the minimum size particles that can be removed are in the range of 40 microns (with 4-inch cones)

Desilters

Desilters consist of a battery of 4-inch or smaller cones. Depending on the size of the cone, a particle size cut between 6 and 40 microns can be obtained.Even though hydrocyclones are effective in removing solids from a drilling fluid, their use is not recommended for fluids that contain significant amounts of weighting materials or muds that have expensive fluid phases. When hydrocyclones are used with these fluids, not only will undesirable drilled solids be removed, but also the weight material along with base fluid, which can be cost prohibitive.

Mud cleaner

The mud cleaner is a solids separation device that combines a desilter with a screen device. The mud cleaner removes solids using a two-stage process. First, the drilling fluid is processed by the desilter. Second, the discharge from the desilter is processed by a high-energy, fine-mesh screen shaker. This method of solids removal is recommeded for muds containing significant amounts of weighting materials or having expensive fluid phases.

If you have any interests, pls contact DaChuan Machinery for more information, our mail are : dc@dcmudcleaningequipment.com

DC solids control equipment introduction (1)

DaChuan solids control equipment is pofessional manufacturer of solids control equipment manufacturer. With quality equipment and most competitive price . We produce mud equipment including HDD & CBM, mud recycling system, waste management equipment. In the following I will give you some introduction about solids control.

Overview

Solids control is the process of controlling the build up of undersirable solids in a mud system. The build up of solids has undesirable effects on drilling fluid performance and the drilling process.Rheological and filtration properties can become difficult to control when the concentration of drilled solids ( low gravity solids ) becomes on a drilling operation rates and bit life decrease and hole problems increase with a high concentration of drill solids.

Solids control equipment on a drilling operation should be operated like a processing plant. In an ideal situation, all drill solids are removed from a drilling fluid. Under typical drilling conditions, low-gravity solids should be maintained bellow 6 percent by volume. Sources and sizes of solids The two primary sources of solids (particles) are chemical sdditives and formation cuttings. Formation cuttings are contaminants that degrade the performance of the drilling fluid.If the cuttings are not, they will be ground into smaller and smaller particles that become more difficult to remove from the drilling fluid. Most formation solids can be removed by mechanical means at the surface. Small particles are more difficult to remove and have a greater effect on drilling fluid properties than large particles. The particle size of drilled solids incorporated into drilling fluid can range from 1 to 250 microns.

Mechanical solids removal equipment One method of solids control is the use of mechanical solids removal equipment.Another method, dilution, is discuss later. Equipment that removes solids mechanically can be grouped into the two major classifications: 1. Screen devices 2. Centrifugal separation device.

Screen devices

The most common screen device is shale shaker, which contains one or more vibrating screens that mud passes through as it circulates out of the hole.

Circular/ elliptical motion shaker.This shaker uses elliptical rollers to generate a circular rocking motion to provide better solids removal through these screens.

Linear motion shaker. This shaker uses a straight forward-and-back rocking motion to keep the fluid circulating through the screens.

Solids control equipment working step

Solids control system are used to remove drilling cuttings/ solids from the drilling fluid, what’s the working step? DaChuan Machinery will list bellow.

Shale shakers/Screening always is applied first in processing the annular mud stream. Recent developments in screening equipment have made possible the use of extremely fine screens. This allows the removal of most of the solids before their size has been reduced to the size of the API barite particles. API specifications for commercial barium sulfate require that 97% of the particles pass through a 200-mesh screen. A 200-mesh screen has 200 openings per inch. Particles less than about 74 microns in diameter will pass through a typical 200 mesh screen. Screen sizes below 200 mesh cannot be used with weighted muds because of the cost of replacing the API barite discarded with the solids.

The natural settling rate of drilled solids is much too low for settling pits to be effective. Thus, devices such as hydrocyclones and centrifuges are used to increase the gravitational force acting on the particles. At present, both the hydro-cyclones and high-speed centrifuges are being used as forced settling devices with unweighted mud. The removal of fine active clay particles can be facilitated by adding chemicals that cause the clay particles to flocculate or agglomerate into larger units. Once the agglomeration of the clay particles has been achieved, separation can be accomplished more easily by settling.

The concentration of the solids not removed by screening or forced settling can be reduced by dilution. Because of the limited storage capacity of the active mud pits, dilution requires discarding some of the mud to the reserve pit. Dilution, thus, requires discarding a portion of the additives used in previous mud treatments. In addition, the new mud created by the addition of water must be brought to the desired density and chemical content. To keep the cost of dilution low, the mud volume should be kept small. Old mud should be discarded before dilution rather than after dilution. Also, the cost of a large one-step dilution is less than frequent small dilutions. The cost of dilution increases rapidly with mud density.

DC Machinery is China top solids control equipment manufacturer, we focuses on best quality and most competitive price. Any needs, pls contact Ms Lee , mail: dc@dcmudcleaningequipment.com

Solids control from DC Machinery

1. Contents of Solids Control

1) Elimination of drilled solids.

2) Elimination of excessive bentonite content and colloid particles.

3) Recovery of barite.

4) Recovery of chemical additives and water.

2. Purposes and Significance of Solids Control

1) Maintain adequate mud rheological and filtration properties.

2) Improve lubricity and reduce abrasiveness and friction of mud and mud cake.

3) Reduce drilling torque and drag.

4) Reduce frequency of differential sticking and logging troubles.

5) Reduce surge and swab pressure.

6) Increase penetration rate and prolong bit footage and life.

7) Reduce water, barite and chemical additives consumption.

8) Smooth casing running and improve cementing quality.

9) Obtain gauge hole and enhance borehole stability.

10) Reduce wear of pump and equipment parts.

11) Control mud weight and mitigate formation damage.

3. Solids Control Method

There are four basic methods used to prevent the concentration of solids in the mud from increasing to an undesirable level. These are:

1) Screening

2) Forced settling

3) Chemical flocculation

4) Dilution.

4. Solids control equipment

Fluids processing system of DC Machinery

Shale shaker

Desander

Desilter

Mud cleaner

Centrifuge

Degasser

Mud Gas Separator

Centrifugal pump

Jet mud mixer

Mud agitator

Electric ignition device

Mud Gun

Mud tank

DaChuan Machinery is the China leading manufacturer of solids control system, HDD, CBM, Mud recycling system and Waste management system, welcome inquiry us through mail: dc@dcmudcleaningequipment.com

Top China Mud Cleaner manufacturer

Mud cleaneris a combination of Desander and Desilter, which is mounted over a shaker with a fine mesh screen, to remove the solids from the drilling mud. As the third stage of Solids Control Equipment at drilling rig, mud cleaner plays an important role in Solids Control system.
Mud cleaner is consist of manifold, shaker screen, and hydrocyclone. First the drilling fluids are sucked up to 0.25Mpa ~ 0.4Mpa by sand pump, and enter into the cones through the side inlet which is normally only 2-1/2″ diameter. The fluids then flow spirally inside of the cone. Effected by the centrifugal force, the heavy solids in the fluids would be throwed towards the inner wall of the cones, go down to the bottem, and discharge through the sand discharge port, while the light fluids would go up and discharge through the upper oulet. The diameter of the bottom discharge port is adjustable, and with a cover of hydrocyclone.

Mud cleaner is normally mounted after the Vacuum Degasser, but before centrifuge, so that the air that enter into the drilling mud can be first removed by degasser, and avoiding air blocking of the mud cleaner hydrocyclone. And the drilling mud with smaller particles can go to the centrifuge through vertical slurry pump to be further treated.

Being China top solids control equipment anufacturer. DaChuan Machinery products including oilfield solid control, waste management, mud recycling system, HDD & CBM,etc, welcome inquiry us. Any question, pls mail: dc@dcmudcleaningequipment.com

 

Shale shaker supplier from china

The introduction of shale shaker
shale shaker are devices that remove drill cuttings from the drilling fluid that is used for boring holes into the earth.Controlling the solids in drilling fluid is an important component of the cost of drilling so research into improved shaker design is ongoing.Shale shaker typically consists of large, flat sheets of shaker screen or wire mesh of various mesh that shaking or vibrating the drill cuttings, commonly shale, across and off of the screens as the drilling fluid(mud)flows through them and back into the drilling fluid system. This separates the solid drill cuttings from the fluid so the it can be recirculated back down the wellbore. In oilfield industry, linear motion shale shaker are widely used.
The introduction of DCS shale shaker
Shale shaker is the first phase solids control equipment in drilling fluids processing system, also known as key solids control equipment in drilling mud system.The shale shaker decides performance of the whole solids control system.
DCS shaker can be used in O&G drilling, metallurgy construction, chemical, food, beverage, etc.industry. DCS shale shaker have linear motion type, balanced elliptical motion type, dual motion shale shaker– can do linear motion and balanced elliptical motion.
Benefits : lower energy consumption, higher separation efficiency, and better filtration performance, less noise, easy to install and maintenance, longer usable life, wide range applications.

Mobile mud System manufactured by DC

The mobile solids control/mud system has the advantage of safety,efficiency and environmental protection, greatly increasing the automation of the solids control system. Field application shows that the drilling not only has a simple structure, a safe, reliable and compact design,but it also has unparalleled advantage of movement convenience and a wide range of application.
The DC mobile solids control unit is a complete self-contained, high-performance solids control unit. The advanced design utilizes proprietary technology to ensure the very highest processing efficiencies over a wide range of oil, synthetic, and water-based muds. The entire operation is process controlled and continuously adjusted based on the mud rheology. These adjustments ensure optimal solids removal and maximize fluid recovery while minimizing fluid loss and environmental impact. Providing for the safe operation is of the utmost importance.

DC’s Mud System is designed and managed to ensure the safety of operating personnel, solids control equipment, other appliance and surrounding environment.