Monthly Archives: August 2013

How to control the solids in drilling mud?

In the early oil industry open earthen pits were used as settling area to separate solids and mud thereby acting as a solids control equipment. Now, with the stringent environmental regulations and high mud costs, the economics of an effective mud system come into consideration. Different solids control companies introduce zero-discharge systems, closed-loop systems,”quick move” technology, screening technology, disposal options etc.   So it comes down to common system and equipments in the drilling solids control.

Fluids processing system:It is also called mud system, solids control system, drilling fluids recycling system, in which there are several solids control equipments to treat the drilling fluid so as to recycle it.

Shale shaker: The shale shaker is the first stage of solids control equipment in the fluids processing system,which removes cuttings with diameter above 75μm from the drilling fluids brought up from the wells.Afterwards,the treated fluids flow into the tank waiting to be processed again in the next stage of the system.   Desander: Desander is the second stage of solids control equipment.It is mainly used to take away the solids with diameter ranging from 45 to 74 μm from the formerly treated fluids and then send them to the next stage for more purification.

Desilter: Desilter is the third stage of solids control equipment.In this case,the solids with diameter ranging from 15 to 44 μm are to be separated from the rest,which will go through further processing.

Mud cleaner: Mud cleaner is the second or third stage separation equipment of drilling liquid, which will deal with the mud after being treated by the first grade separation equipment.

Decanting centrifuge: Decanting centrifuge is used in separating suspension of solid phase with particle diameter d≥2μm for drilling mud and fluids handling.

Vacuum degasser: vacuum degasser is a special-purpose device for the treatment of gas-cut drilling fluids.

Mud Gas Separator: Mud Gas Separator is the special equipment of degassing the gas-invaded mud at the first grade. It is mainly used to remove big bubbles with diameter above φ3mm and these bubbles refer to the expanded gas in the fluid that fill in some parts of well annulus.

Centrifugal pump: Centrifugal pump is used for transferring drilling mud. It can be used as feeding pump for desander, desilter or used as mixing pump for Jet Mud Mixer. Also it can be used as trip pump,and supercharging pump for rig mud pump.

Jet mud mixer: Jet mud mixer is used to make and mix drilling fluid to change the density and viscosity.

Mud agitator: Mud agitator is part of the drilling fluid solid control equipment, which is mainly used to agitate and mix the drilling mud to prevent solid particles settlement in circulating tank.

Electronic ignition device:Namely “electronic portfire”. Electronic portfire for relief combustible gas is a device used in refinery and natural gas gathering station to deal the tail gas and relief natural gas.

Mud gun: Mud gun is the ideal equipment to guard against the precipitate in mud tank for fluids processing system

Mud tank:A mud tank is an open-top container, typically made of square steel tube and steel plate, to store drilling fluid on a drilling rig. They are also called mud pits, because they used to be nothing more than pits dug out of the earth.

DaChuan is a professional manufacturer of solids control system/equipment in china. We always provide our clients high quality products at the most reasonable price, at the same time we also sincerely provide the high level after-sale service for any clients at home or abroad .

DC Centrifuge for Solid Control & Waste Management System

As one of the most important solids purification units in drilling fluids solids control system, centrifuge is normally mounted at the last stage in the system, to remove non aggravated drilling mud, and can remove  the evil solids that is larger than 2 μm, and remove the superfluous colloid in the drilling fluids. and control the fluids viscosity by collecting the barites in the drilling mud. Centrifuge can also collect the liquid phase by recovering the drilling mud that flow through the hydro-cyclone, and  Centrifuge is also an ideal equipment to treat oil drilling fluids waste, preventing environmental pollution.
DC Centrifuge for Solid Control & Waste Management System
Centrifuge is consist of main & auxiliary electrical motor, belt, feed pipe, drum, spiral propeller, differential mechanism, etc. The main motor drives the drum and outer casing of differential mechanism through the belt, while the auxiliary motor drives the spiral propeller through the differential mechanism, which would rotate the drum & spiral propeller in the same direction, but with speed difference.
DC Centrifuge Spiral Propeller
The drilling fluidswould enter into the spiral propeller center through the feeding pipe. When the spiral propeller rotates, with the centrifugal effect, the solids in the drilling fluidswould be thrown to the inner wall of drum, and pushed to the smaller end of the drum and be out through the discharge port, while the liquid phase would flow through the spiral propeller to the larger end, to finish the solid-liquid separation processing.
As an professional manufacturer, China DC has obtained rich experience in solids control equipment, not only on shale shaker, mud cleaner, mud tank system, but also centrifuge for oil drilling fluids control as well as waste management.
For more information,plz contact : dc@dcmudcleaningequipment.com

centrifuge

DC Trailer Type HDD Mud System

Trailer drilling mud recycling systems are usually used in Horizontal directional drilling (HDD) & Workover drilling. HDD is a technology that is used in public infrastructure construction, such as laying pipeline across rives, railway, building. etc. The purpose is not to destroy the earth surface existing structure.  DC trailer type drilling mud solids control system is comply with the quick-move usage of truck mounted drilling rig, equipped with shale shaker, degasser, mud cleaner, centrifuge, etc. on the system, which can be used in oil & gas drilling, CBM exploration, horizontal directional drilling, etc. and 1000~5000 meters workover drilling.
DC Trailer Type Mud System
DC trailer type  drilling fluids purification system takes half-trailer structure. and the trailer which has the double function of delivery base & operation base, can move the entire mud tanks & solids control units that all mounted on the trailer base. There equips roll-over barriers & work way, and with liquid level monitor, which can achieve automatic operation & quick moving.
Features of DC trailer type drilling fluids recycling system:
1. With hydraulic lift system, easy to install & drag.
2. With airmatic floating axle, avoid to press the tire in a long period.
3. Equip high G shale shaker, effectively remove the solids in the drilling fluids, and install & replace quick wear part easily.
4. Mounted with high efficient degasser, can efficiently remove the harmful gas in the mud.
5. the discharge port of desander & desilter that mounted on the system is adjustable, and can treat different type of drilling fluids with different viscosity & solids contents.
6. High efficient centrifuge can remove the small size harmful solids in the mud.
7. Centrifugal sand pump perform well with good seal.
8. Mud agitators that mounted on the mud tank locates properly without bland areas for agitating.

DaChuan solid control equipment for CBM drilling

Coal bed methane(CBM) is a form of natural gas that is extracted from coal bed seams. Smetimes it is called coalbed methane, or coalbed gas, or coal mine methane (CMM). The primary energy source of CBM is a substance called methane (CH4), which is colourless, tasteless, non-toxic & flammable, making coalbed methane available to be used in all natural gas appliances in our home and also commercial applications such as electricity generation. In recent decades it has become an important source of energy in United States, Canada, etc. In Australiahas where has rich deposits, it is known as coal seam gas (CSG)
DaChuan Solid Control System for CBM Drilling
CBM is generated either from a biological process as a result of microbial action or from a thermal process as a result of increasing heat with depth of the coal. It is hold loosely in the coal bed seams by the water & underground pressure. As the main content of CBM, methane has very low solubility to water.  To explore CBM, the underground water must need to be removed by pumping, which would reduce the pressure on gas and allow it to detach from the coal bed seam. Thus, CBM that hold in the coal bed seams can be released to the surface with the flowing of water, then CBM are separated from water and collected by special device at the surface.
Coalbed methane is usually very shallow, mainly around 1000 meters. That is why the drilling rigs for CBM are normally for 1000 to 2000 meters. The type & density of drilling fluids for CBM development must be designed and fixed according to the formation pressure, and also need to allocate appropriate solids control equipment, such as shale shaker, mud cleaner, centrifuge, etc. For surface well & intermediate section drilling, drilling medium should refer to the conventional CBM drilling medium optimization principle, while for horizontal well drilling, it should use superior drillingmedium, non-clay drilling fluids, fresh water, gas, such as nitrogen, air, etc. & also froams to avoid drilling medium to harm the coal bed seams.
As a professional manufacturer, Tangshan DaChuan Equipment Co.,Ltd. not only supply solids control equipment for petroleum drilling, but also for coalbed methane exploration, for drilling waste management. for directional drilling. Meanwhile, we can also supply equipment for sewage water treatment, and industrial waste management. So if interested, welcome to contact : dc@dcmudcleaningequipment.com

HDD mud system

HDD means horizontal directional drilling or Directional boring, is a steerable trenchless method of installing underground pipes, conduits and cables in a shallow arc along a prescribed bore path by using a surface-launched drilling rig, with minimal impact on the surrounding area.
HDD mud system
Drilling fluids have several important functions. They cool and lubricate the drill bit, stem and other down hole tools. The fluid also assists in sealing the sides of the bore, therefore stabilizing the borehole. Finally, drilling fluids are designed to carry the cuttings out of the hole.

The most widely used drilling fluids for HDD applications are bentonite, even if they are not so expensive compared with oilfield drilling fluids, but it is still a pollution for the environment, especially usually they dig a mud pit for HDD and pump the drilling fluids from the mud pit to shale shaker. After the directional boring, how to treat the used drilling mud become a problem.

DC solids control can provide the complete solution for HDD fluids cleaning, recycling and waste treatment. Firstly, during drilling, you should use an efficient HDD mud recycling system to clean and recycle the drilling fluids as much as you can. After drilling, the used mud together with the separated cuttings(separated from the 1st phase) will be collected by a storage tank, and enter into another waste management process. For the water based drilling fluids, we recommend decanter centrifuge DCLW350 centrifuge with a mud tank.After the primary process, the fluids with fine soils will be sent to water-treatment-plant for further cleaning, the solids will be transport by truck for cementing plant or construction application.

China top 10 oil drilling rig manufacturer

As one of China the most competitive solid control manufacturer. DC machinery lists some top 10 oil drilling rig manufacturers for you better known China drilling and production fields.

1) BOMCO Oil Rig & F Series Mud pumps
Baoji Oilfield Machinery Co., Ltd (BOMCO), as a leading one in researching, designing, manufacturing and assembling Oil Drilling Rig and equipments for oil exploration and development since 1970s. It belongs to CNPC. Complete sets of onshore and offshore drilling rig and relating equipments could be produced. It produced most drilling rigs in 2005 in the world.
Main products: drilling rigs including AC VFD, DC, diesel engine and gear, chain, hydraulic and belt drive, truck-mounted and trailer-mounted series, ranging from 1,000 meters to 12,000 meters in drilling depth; a series of API7K-compliant mud pumps ranging from F-500 to F-2200; CGDS-I, a near-bit geosteering system for well drilling, consists of the CAIMS (China Adjustable Instrumented Motor System), WLRS (Wireless Receiver System), CGMWD (China Geosteering MWD), and the CFDS (China Formation/Drilling Software System). CGDS-I has three major functions: logging/measurement, transmission and steering.
2)Lanzhou LS-National Oilwell Petroleum (NOV) oil rig
Lanzhou LS-National Oilwell Petroleum Engineering Co. Ltd. (LS-NOW for short) is a Sino-American Joint Venture established between Lanzhou Petrochemical Machinery Equipment and Engineering Group Corporation (LS Group) and National Oilwell International, Inc. (NOI) since 2001.
Scope of business: design and manufacture complete land and offshore drilling rigs and oil service rigs, and provide relating equipment package, components, parts and full services.
Main products: oil drill rigs that are electrical or mechanical or electrical-mechanical compounded driven and suitable for different applications such as land, shallow, offshore and desert and meet the requirements of drilling and oilfield services. The drilling depth ranged from 1000 to 9000 meters.

3) HH (Honghua) Oil Drilling rig
Sichuan Honghua Petroleum Equipment Co., Ltd., established in 1997, is a subsidiary of Honghua Group which has been listed successfully in the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong. The company has been engaged in research, design, manufacturing and general assembly of Oil Drilling Rig and equipments for oil exploration and development. Now it is the world’s second land drilling rig manufacturer, and China’s largest exporter of drilling rigs.
The company owns five subsidiaries totally in home and abroad, with annual output of 150 drilling rigs and 600 mud pumps etc.
The company produces mainly various land drilling rigs for drilling 1000m to 9000m wells and offshore drilling modules– DC drive drilling rig, AC VF electric rig, mechanical drilling rig, composite drive rig, trailer mounted rig and independent RT electric drive drilling rig, as well as their matched equipments, i.e. drilling pumps, traveling block system, solid control system, electric control system etc.
 
4)RG Petro-Machinery Oil drilling rig for low temperature zone
RG PETRO-MACHINERY (GROUP) CO. LTD is a stock company, reorganized from Nanyang petroleum machinery plant (former No.2 Petroleum Machinery Manufacturing Plant of National Petroleum Industrial Ministry of China in 1969). RG has possessed 16 production plants for forging, metal machining, heat treatment, steel-structure manufacturing, general assembly, painting and new product trial production, and 3 comprehensive testing sites for drilling rigs as well as 2 Sino-American joint ventures and 2 share-holding joint ventures.
RG could provide 12 series of products in 200 kinds, including skid-mounted drilling rig, truck-mounted drilling rig, trailer-mounted drilling rig, workover rig, offshore drilling/workover equipment, solid control and mud circulation equipment, oilwell logging equipment, petroleum special Vehicle, top drive drilling equipment, Hydraulic water drilling rig,mud pump, hoisting and rotaryDrilling equipment and related spare parts, etc.
5)    Jianhan Siji (SJ Petroleum) Oil Drill Rig.

SJ Petroleum Machinery Co., founded in 1941, belongs to Sinopec.
It supply four major categories of products including drilling & workover equipment, production equipment, offshore drilling & production equipment and high pressure manifolds, 12 families and more than 200 types of products.
Its star products include pumping units, workover rigs, cementing units, fracturing packages, fracturing pump and high pressure fluid control products.
New products include modular rigs, Big Easy rigs, snub rigs, fracturing quintaplex pumps and mud pumps, etc.

6)  Kerui Oil drilling rig

Shandong Kerui Holding Group, established in 2001, has become an international comprehensive enterprise with business scope covering: the research, development and manufacture of the petroleum drilling and well service equipment, oil production, wellhead & downhole tool and the special operation equipment in oilfield, manufacture and assemblage of natural gas compressor, R&D and manufacture of natural gas, coalbed methane & shale gas process equipment and oilfield energy saving electrical product, oilfield exploration development comprehensive solution and technical service of petroleum engineering, etc.

The main products include oil drilling rig equipment, Oil pumping equipment, Special equipment for oilfield, Oilfield tubing system and auxiliary machines and tools. Kerui manufactures various workover rigs and drilling rigs with drill depth from 3000m to 9000m.

 

7)  Shanghai 3H oil drilling rig

The 3H(Shanghai) Petroleum Equipment Co., Ltd. , established in 2001, is the first rig manufacturer that introduces ship-building technology to the fabrication of petroleum equipment.

main business activity covers the design and manufacture of the following series of: electrical, mechanical drilling rigs, and electro-mechanic rigs with the drill depth from 2,000 meters to 9,000 meters; module offshore drilling and workover platforms, module offshore drilling rig, polar drilling rigs, and truck mounted rigs; electrical driving control and system, and; main rig components of crown blocks, traveling blocks, hook, mud pump, swivel, and etc.

 8)  Shengli Highland Oil drilling rig

Shengli Oilfield Highland Petroleum Equipment Co., Ltd, Established in 1992, was a private incorporated manufacturer of petroleum equipments located in Dongying city, Shandong province, the PRC.

Now company has five classes of products/services: Drilling Equipments, Production Equipments, Tubular Goods, Oilfield Service and Chemicals, which includes dozens kinds of series products. We are able to design, manufacture and provide all these series of products, technical services and OEM parts.

9) THpetro truck mounted drilling rig

Tonghua Petro·chemical Machinery Manufacture Co., Ltd., founded in 1958, is one of the earliest oilfield manufacturers in China.

The current product lines include workover & drilling rig series, oil field environmental protection equipment series, oil recovery machinery series and water well & mineral drilling machinery series.

 10) Tefico land rig

Shaanxi TEFICO Petroleum Mechanical And Electric New Technology Co., Ltd. (Tefico) located in Baoji, China biggest drilling rig manufacture center, and owning a strong technical expert team with nearly 30 years experience, has been dedicated to ensuring customers receive the highest quality land drilling rigs and drilling equipments for Oil, Gas , Geothermy, Shale Gas and Coal Bed Methane since 2000.
TEFICO supplies customer-focused solutions that best meet the quality, productivity, and environmental requirements of the energy industry.
TEFICO is provides complete land drilling rigs for sale and rental and major mechanical components, such as mast, substructure, crown block, rotary table, drawworks, travelling block, hook, mud pump, top drive. TEFICO is also a project management company hence it can work as a subcontractor to join project or partner with clients in all relevant project.

Please contact DaChuan solids control for more and detail contact information for more China largest oil drilling rig manufacturer contact information.

Derrick mud cleaner replacement

As an international leading supplier of oil & gas drilling fluids engineering system, DERRICK has obtained good experience & technology in solids control systems manufacturing. DERRICK plays its important role in drilling fluids system & products, such as shale shaker, mud cleaner, desander, desilter, etc. and many clients in this sector would prefer to use their products & technology. As an leading supplier, Derrick has high quality and also high purchasing cost. Now some customers may seek for those who can replace Derrick products.

In drilling site, two stage separation process are employed on the mud cleaner with different sizes & material hydrocyclones mounted on top of a shale shaker. Normally high efficiency mud cleaner combines the function of desander & desilter, with two or three pcs desander hydrocyclones, and 8 to 12 pcs desilter hydrocyclones together. While normally the desander clones & desilter units do not work at the same time. though they are drave by two different motors. Normally desander clones are mounted vertically on top of shale shaker, and desilter units are slant mounted.

With 1000 GPM process capacity, and DC mud cleaner can separate 90 percent solids fluids to up 45~75μm, with process capacity 1000 GPM. DC mud cleaner are with 10″ hydrocyclone for desander, and 4″ clone for desilter. According to the solids control system requirement, the hydrocyclones size & number can also be designed by customer’s requirement. If you have any other questions,plz contact: dc@dcmudcleaningequipment.com

 

What is hydrocyclone?

Hydrocyclone is a part of desander or desilter. Desander and desilter are solids control equipment. Hydrocyclone raw material is high wear-resistant polyurethane , it have the advantages of well performance, long service life, low price.

Hydrocyclones are common industrial and manufacturing process separators used to remove solids from carrier liquids or to separate liquids of different consistencies. They are simple yet efficient devices with no moving parts and requiring very little maintenance. Commonly known as cyclones, these devices are generally constructed of steel, ceramics, or abrasion resistant plastics. Typical uses of hydrocyclones are removing contaminates from paper pulp, separating of oil from water, extracting metal shavings from cooling liquids, and starch recovery from waste water in potato processing facilities. Cyclones are also found in the mining industry processing plants to separate process solids from water.

A hydrocyclone is a filter or separator mechanism that uses centrifugal force to separate solids from liquids or even liquids of different consistencies. The hydrocyclone consists of a two-part chamber with a inner profile which is cylindrical along its upper section and conical along the lower half fitted with one entry and two exit points. When a suspension is pumped into the cyclone, it spins around the inside of the chamber creating a centrifugal force which causes suspended solids to separate from the liquid carrier. The filtered water and solids then exit the hydrocyclone, typically at opposite ends. Hydrocyclones are used extensively in industrial and manufacturing sectors and are suited for liquid rich suspensions carrying solids heavier than the fluid.

Want to know more parameter and price, contact DC machinery . mail : dc@dcmudcleaningequipment.com

What equipment used in Horizontal Directional Drilling ?

Directional boring, commonly called horizontal directional drilling or HDD, is a steerable trenchless method of installing underground pipes, conduits and cables in a shallow arc along a prescribed bore path by using a surface-launched drilling rig, with minimal impact on the surrounding area.

The equipment used in a horizontal directional drilling depends on the outer diameter of the pipe, length of the run, ground conditions and the surroundings above ground. For the large bores, directional drills equipped with as much as 1 320 000 lb (or more) of thrust/pullback (Vermeer D1320x900)is used in conjunction with a mud reclaimer, excavator, and multiple pumps and hoses to supply the drilling fluid to the drillstem. Directional drilling stem is made from heat-treated high-carbon steel for strength and ships in diameters of 8 – 15 cm. Drill stem sections are manufactured in 3.0 or 4.6 and also 9.1 meter lengths and have male threading on one end, and female on the other. It is common for a directional drill to carry as much as 305 m of rod on board. Drilling heads come in multiple designs and depends on the rock or soil being penetrated. The drilling head has multiple water ports to allow removal of material. A talon bit involves the carbide-tipped cutters. These allow for steering and cutting the material. Another head is a mud-motor that is used in rocky landscapes.

Furthermore, supporting equipment is needed to assist directional-drilling or HDD to work smoothly, such as drilling mud recycling system, shale shaker, mud cleaner, centrifugal pump, mud tanks, etc.

DC machinery is professional manufacturer of Horizontal Directional drilling , solids control equipment, CBM , with its top quality and competitive price.